Urinating is a routine and fundamental function for all pets, something that most take for granted, but not for Lilly. Lilly is a 12 year old female terrier who had been having discomfort while urinating for a couple of months. Her owners had also noted the presence of blood in her urine on a few occasions. After some time, a decision was made that Lilly required further investigation into the cause of her urinary problems.She was examined by one of the vets at Pascoe Vale Vet Hospital, and a feel of her tummy revealed the presence of a mass in the bladder. Analysis of her urine also showed presence of an infection. The next step was to image her abdomen to find out what exactly this mass was. Xrays of the abdomen revealed the presence of a stone in the bladder that was about 3.5 x 2 cm in size!
Bladder stones, also known as uroliths, are a relatively common problem in both cats and dogs. The presence of uroliths can cause a combination of signs such as difficulty urinating, blood in the urine, blockage of the urinary tract and persistent infections of the urinary tract. There is a multi-factorial cause for formation of bladder stones, amongst which common to most types of stones are: decreased water intake, infrequent urination due to inactivity and dietary factors. Recommended treatment of bladder uroliths depends on the composition and size of the uroliths.
For Lilly, the size of the stone warranted surgical removal as medical treatment would be less likely to resolve the problem as effectively. Surgery went ahead as planned and the large bladder stone was removed. The bladder wall was visibly thickened due to chronic inflammation and infection.
She is currently on antibiotic therapy for treatment of her pre-existing urinary tract infection. After the surgery, Lilly recovered very well and was home by the following day. Now Lilly is able to urinate much more comfortably, like everyone else!